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If you’ve been following the cannabis industry, then you already know the benefits of cannabis and CBD oil. Cannabis or marijuana has many health benefits and recently it’s become one of the hottest topics today. It is now finally being recognised by the mainstream as a medicinal plant with highly therapeutic properties.
What is CBD oil?
CBD or cannabidiol is a naturally occurring compound found and extracted from flowering buds of marijuana and hemp plants. Unlike THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) CBD oil is safe, non-addictive and won’t get you “high”.
Benefits of CBD oil
CBD oil has many health benefits from pain relief, reducing inflammation to even assisting the body in fighting cancer. Here are a just a few benefits of cannabis oil.
Pain Relief: It is known as an analgesic which helps with easing chronic pain, providing much needed relief.
Reduces Inflammation: CBD oil can reduce inflammation in the body, which makes it great for people with arthritis, joint disorders, and multiple sclerosis.
Stops seizures: According to New England Journal of Medicine, a study was conducted and found in those who were given medical cannabis, more than 40% had their seizures halved, with 5% becoming seizure free.
Helps with depression and anxiety: The most comprehensive research conducted found marijuana can help battle depression, anxiety, ptsd and more. Ref#
Fights cancer: There is research out there that cannabis oil (CBD oil) can help slow cancer growth and stop formation of new blood cells that feed cancer.
For more info, check out the video with Dr Axe and Dr Bill Demoss as they discuss many other benefits of CBD oil.
The different ways to use CBD oil
There are many ways to use cbd oil and every way has it’s purpose, it’s all up to personal preference.
Tinctures: There’s tinctures which is probably the most popular where you apply a few drops under the tongue.
Ingest: You can ingest it by either in the form of a capsule that contains cbd oil or by swallowing a small amount through a dropper.
Topical Cream: You can use it as a topical cream which in most cases would be used to treat skin conditions.
Edibles: You can make edibles like cookies and gummies. You can get creative and add it in just about any recipe.
Vape: If you not familiar with any of the above or you like to smoke, you can use cbd oil as vape juice and smoke it.
How to make CBD oil at home
So are you ready to make your own cbd oil at home? Then follow this easy recipe to make cbd oil, the Rick Simpson Way which we followed here.
This will take 3 -4 hours to process.
- 99.5% Isopropyl Alcohol. Use 2 gallons (7.57 liters) per pound or 2 cups (~500 ml) for an ounce of cannabis. We also suggest chilling your alcohol in a freezer overnight. It will separate the trichomes from the flower more easily.
- Two stainless steel stock pots or food-grade plastic buckets.
- Long wooden stirring spoon or 2×2 piece of chemical-free lumber.
- Stainless steel rice cooker. Caution: A rice cooker with a non-stick surface will leach chemicals into your oil. Stick with stainless steel only.
- A common electric cooling fan and extension cord.
- Plastic funnels.
- Coffee filters.
- Empty clean plastic bottles.
- Stainless steel measuring cup.
- Coffee Warmer.
- Large syringes.
Place your weed of choice in a steel pot or food-grade bucket. Dampen the plant matter with chilled isopropyl alcohol (your solvent), and then crush the mixture with a wooden spoon or 2×2 for about five minutes.
Add more alcohol until the plant matter is completely immersed. Again, crush and stir the mixture for a further five minute. The crushing action is technically called a “wash” because you are washing the trichomes from plant matter.
NOTE: Trichomes are the resin glands of the cannabis plant. They contain THC, CBD, and other medicinal cannabinoids like CBN, CBG, and CBT. These trichomes are the thing that gets you “high”, cures your insomnia, reduces chronic pain, and may even cure cancer.
Block the lip of the pot or bucket with a lid or your 2×2 and slowly pour the solvent into the second bucket. Try to keep as much of the marijuana plant matter in the first bucket for the next step. It’s okay if some gets through—you’re going to strain it later. But you want as much of the cannabis material left over in the first bucket as possible for the second round of washing.
Pour more chilled alcohol into the first bucket until the plant matter is again immersed. Crush the cannabis with your wooden utensil for five more minutes. This step is known as the second wash.
Again block the lip of the pot or bucket and slowly pour the solvent from the second wash into the bucket with the solvent from the first wash.
NOTE: The majority of the medicinal resins (75-80%) will be dissolved by the first round of washing. The second round of washing usually dissolves the remaining 20-25%. Because of that, a third round of washing isn’t necessary.
If you do choose to do a third round of washing, keep the solvent from that round separate from the first two rounds. The third-round solvent should be used for topical applications, while the first- and second-round solvents should be reserved for ingestion.
Leave the solvent to sit while you recycle any leftover plant matter into your compost. Once converted to super soil, you can use it to grow more organic marijuana.
Rinse out the first bucket.
Place a coffee filter inside a plastic funnel and insert the funnel through the mouth of a small plastic bottle. The size of your straining container will depend on how much solvent you used in the first few steps. You can also use a number of smaller straining containers instead of trying to find one large container.
Pour the mixture in the second bucket through the coffee filters to strain off any excess plant matter. Filter the solvent as many times as it takes to remove all the plant matter.
NOTE: At this point, the solvent will have taken on a dark yellow color. Don’t worry. The color comes from the healing resins which are now dissolved in the alcohol. The color and the smell are also influenced by the terpenes that are present on the cannabis plant.
Terpenes are the pungent oils that create the distinct tastes and smells of the numerous pot strains. These flavors can range from sweet and fruity to skunky and earthy to everything in between.
Set up the rice cooker and the electric fan outside or in a well-ventilated area.
CAUTION: Make sure that there are no “sparks, open flames, or red-hot elements” in your workspace because the alcohol fumes that you will cook off in your rice cooker are highly flammable and toxic to inhale.
Set up your fan so that it circulates air towards the vents on the bottoms of the rice cooker. See the picture above for a simple illustration of the cooker/fan arrangement. The reason for the fan is that it will prevent the alcohol fumes from condensing to a point where they can ignite.
NOTE: For your own safety, please follow the instructions and make sure the area is well ventilated.
Fill the rice cooker as much as three-quarters full with your marijuana solvent mixture. Don’t fill the cooker all the way up or it will boil over.
NOTE: At this point, you may be wondering why you are using a rice cooker instead of a crock pot or just a pan and the stove. Rest assured that there’s a very good reason for this choice. We’ll outline the benefits of the rice cooker before we move on to the next step.
The purpose of the next few steps is basically twofold:
Separate the alcohol from the dissolved cannabis oil.
Decarboxylate the cannabis oil.
The vaporization (or boiling) point of isopropyl alcohol (the solvent you used in the first few steps) is around 181℉. The vaporization point of cannabis oil is a little over 300℉. The decarboxylation temperature for cannabis is in the low two hundreds (210-230℉).
You ave to maintain just the right temperatures so that your solvent boils off, your oil doesn’t, and the leftover oil is decarboxylated.
Rice cookers are automatically set to maintain temperatures in the decarboxylation sweet spot. These temperatures are enough to get your solvent boiling but not enough to vaporize the oil. Crock pots often exceed 300℉ and a pot on the stove can be difficult to maintain a consistent low two-hundreds.
Now that you know why you’re using a rice cooker, we can move on to the actual separation process.
Set the rice cooker to its highest setting to boil off the alcohol solvent. Be sure the fan is running and is aimed at the rice cooker so the alcohol fumes don’t condense and explode.
As the liquid level in the rice cooker drops, pour in any remaining solvent but don’t exceed three-quarters full. This step depends on how big your rice cooker is and how much solvent you produced in the first few steps of the process. If you only have a small amount, you may not need to keep adding solvent.
When you’re done adding remaining solvent to the rice cooker, and the level in the cooker is reduced to about two inches, add ten to twelve drops of water to mix. The water will help the remaining solvent boil off and will cleanse the oil of solvent residue.
Hold the rice cooker with oven mitts and swirl it’s oily contents while the last traces of alcohol boil completely off.
When the process is near completion, you will notice three things:
The leftover oil will emit a crackling sound.
The oil will begin to bubble (that’s the source of the crackling sound).
Steam will start to escape from the oil. It may look like smoke, but don’t worry, it’s dark steam.
When those three criteria are satisfied, the separation process is almost done.
Wait for the rice cooker to switch to the low setting and then turn it off.
Let your fresh cannaoil mixture cool for about five minutes.
NOTE: Rick recommends that you proceed with the next step even though some strains of cannabis can produce an oil that is finished and ready to use at this point.
Pour the mixture into a stainless steel measuring cup, and place the cup on a coffee warmer to completely remove any water remaining in the mixture.
This process can take anywhere from a few minutes to an hour or more. It all depends on the terpenes and flavonoids found in the strain you used to make your oil. The terpenes and flavonoids can cause the oil on the coffee warmer to bubble for quite some time.
You know the water has been vaporized when all bubbling has ceased. Remove the measuring cup from the coffee warmer and set it aside to cool.
Some oily residue will remain behind in the measuring cup and the rice cooker and you can choose to use as you please.
After the oil has cooled, draw the warm mixture up into large needleless syringes and allow the mixture to cool into a thick grease like substance that you can easily squeeze out of the syringe. Place the syringe in a cup of hot water if you have trouble squeezing it out after it has cooled.
Note: If you’re not going to use your cannabis oil right away, store it in a dark bottle with a lid or a stainless steel container and place that container in a dark, cool place. This keeps air and sunlight from damaging your valuable creation and helps the oil maintain its medical potency for a long time.
If that’s too long of a recipe to follow, you can check out Endoca CBD’s video on how to make cbd oil at home easily.
So there you have it, a beginners guide to cannabis oil and how to make cbd oil at home. If you have any questions, see below to some frequently asked questions but if in doubt always check with reputable resources and medical experts in the cannabis industry.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is cannabis and CBD oil legal in Australia?
Currently, under Australia law, cannabis is still hard to legally obtain. You can always seek advice from a medical professional to assist with prescribing cannabis for medicinal purposes.
Can I die from overdosing on cannabis or CBD oil?
Probably not, unless it contains synthetic additives that might contain toxins.
If I use CBD oil, will I fail a drug test?
Yes, if you use cannabis oil, you will fail a drug test.
Is hemp oil and cannabis oil the same thing?
Hemp is part of the cannabis family, even though both have similar properties and uses there are slight differences. E.g. Hemp has low THC so you can’t can’t help off hemp but it does contain cbd and can be used for oil.